Flounder is a common name for a group of flatfish species found in oceans and seas around the world.
Flounder is a common name for a group of flatfish species found in oceans and seas around the world. They are known for their unique appearance, with both eyes located on the same side of their head, and are a popular seafood choice for their delicate flavor and firm, white flesh.
Flounder have a distinct flat and oval-shaped body that is covered in small scales. They have a large head with both eyes located on the same side, which allows them to lay flat on the ocean floor and ambush their prey. Flounder have a small mouth and sharp teeth, and their coloring can range from dark brown to greenish or gray.
Flounder are found in coastal waters around the world, from the Arctic to the tropics. They prefer sandy or muddy ocean bottoms and can be found in shallow or deep water. Flounder often spend their juvenile years in estuaries or other shallow bodies of water before moving to deeper waters as adults.
Fishing and seasonality
Flounder is a popular game fish and commercial species that is caught using a variety of methods, including bottom trawls, seines, and gillnets. They are often caught as bycatch in other fishing operations as well. The peak season for flounder fishing varies depending on the region and species, but is generally from spring to fall. In the United States, some of the most popular species of flounder for fishing and consumption include summer flounder (also known as fluke) on the east coast and Pacific halibut on the west coast.
Flounder is prized for its delicate flavor and firm, white flesh. It is a versatile fish that can be cooked in a variety of ways, including baking, grilling, broiling, and frying. Flounder is often used in seafood dishes such as fish tacos, fish and chips, or as a topping for sushi rolls.
Flounder populations are considered stable in many regions, but some species are facing conservation concerns due to overfishing and habitat loss. In the United States, fisheries management plans have been implemented to help ensure the sustainability of flounder populations, including size and bag limits, gear restrictions, and seasonal closures. Additionally, there are ongoing efforts to develop sustainable aquaculture practices for flounder and other fish species, as a way to reduce pressure on wild populations.